Tribune News Service
Ludhiana, August 8
An awareness talk on dengue was organised at Fortis Hospital, Ludhiana, today.
Speaking on the occasion, Dr Mandeep Singh, a consultant of the Department of Internal Medicine, said dengue fever, also known as break bone fever, was a mosquito-borne infection that could lead to a severe flue like illness. “It is caused by flavivirus and spread by Aedes mosquito. It is an endemic in 100 countries in Asia, Pacific, America and Africa. The incubation period is 7 to 10 days and is second overall cause of febrile illness in travelers returning from developing countries,” he said.
The symptoms include aching muscles and joints, body rash which disappears and then reappears, high fever, intense headache, pain behind eyes, vomiting, accompanied by sore throat. Dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome which includes hospitalisation.
Dr Mandeep said pneumonia, bone marrow failure, hepatitis, iritis, retinal hemorrhages, maculopathy, orchitis and oophritis, depression, chronic fatigue, neurologic – encephalitis, guillain barre syndrome, phrenic neuropathy, subdernal hematoma, transverse myelitis etc. were complications related with dengue.
Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS)
A person feels intensive stomach pain, disorientation, sudden hypotension, heavy bleeding, regular vomiting, blood vessels leaking fluid, organ involvement (liver and heart).
- Control of mosquitoes by screening and insect repellents during early morning and late afternoon
- Screening blood transfusions
- Stochastic models using rainfall and temperature are useful in predicting geographic areas at increased risk for dengue